The right of Idaho citizens to participate in the lawmaking process was enacted in the first part of the 20th century to combat corruption and double dealing by lobbyists and special interests. At the time, our legislative body was beholden to monopolies and other deep-pocketed special interests. The interests and well-being of Idahoans were being ignored and, eventually, the initiative process was added to our Constitution to place the people on equal footing with their legislature and to serve as a check against corruption.
Since the adoption of our initiative process, the citizens of Idaho have only filed 37 ballot initiatives. Out of those, only 16 have garnered enough votes to become law. The very first ballot initiative that was approved by Idaho Voters created the Idaho Fish and Game Commission. Other notable laws passed directly by Idaho citizens include establishing our State Lottery Commission, and our Sunshine Laws which require transparency in campaign contributions and lobbyist gifts.